29 Types of Bettas: Tails, Colors & Patterns (With Pictures)

Basic information about betta fish

Habitat

Betta fish, also known as Siamese fighting fish, are freshwater fish native to Southeast Asia, namely Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. Wherever they are found, betta fish generally inhabit shallow bodies of water with abundant vegetation.

Characteristic

There is a lack of oxygen in betta fish’s habitat because of the combination of shallow water and high temperature, which leads to rapid gases evaporation. This environment forces betta fish to form a labyrinth organ to help them breathe directly from the air.

Just like dogs, betta fish can recognize their owners. Once their owners approach, they will swim excitedly.

Diet

As one of the natural carnivores, wild betta fish like eating insects and insect larvae, which are high in protein. Some betta fish are greedy, they eat a lot of food because wild betta fish have to compete for food, or they will be starving. For the betta fish kept in your small aquarium, you can feed them with fish flakes, pellets, freeze-dried foods, frozen foods and live foods.

For more information about what to feed your betta fish, how often to feed a betta fish and why your betta fish don’t eat, you can search the blog “How Often Do You Feed A Betta Fish”.

Reproduction

The male will wrap his body around the female to spawn, which is called a “nuptial embrace”. During each embrace, the female betta fish will release 10-40 eggs. Most female betta fish will devour all the eggs she released. So after releasing, female betta fish will be chased away from the male’s territory or they will be killed by the male.

It takes 24-36 hours to incubate the eggs. After that, they will be kept in the nest for 2-3 days until their yolk sacs are fully absorbed. Then the fry will leave the nest and begin to swim freely. Normally, betta fish can live for 2-5 years.

Current situation

Although betta fish are very aggressive, they are very common with beginners because they are easy to care for and don’t require much maintenance. What’s more, they have striking personalities, shapes, colors and charming behavior.

In addition to its worldwide popularity, the Siamese fighting fish is the national aquatic animal of Thailand. Despite their abundance as pets, betta fish are vulnerable species due to increasing pollution and habitat destruction.

 

Types of betta fish

We can divide betta fish into several types according to their tails, colors and patterns.

Tail types

Crowntail Betta
The tail looks like a crown because the fin rays are extended beyond the membrane.

Crowntail

Comb Tail Betta
Very similar to crown tail betta, it is a less extended version of the crown tail betta.

Comb Tail

Delta Tail Betta
The tail becomes narrower as it gets closer to the body, widening toward the edges. So it resembles the triangular shape.

Delta Tail

Double Tail Betta
The tail fin is divided into two parts, the two tails will show different bifurcation.

Double Tail

Elephant Ear Betta
Pectoral fins resemble the shape of elephant ears.

Elephant Ear

Halfmoon Betta
"D" shaped tail fin that forms a 180° angle.

Halfmoon

Half Sun Betta
Comb tail with tail fin going 180°, like a half-moon.

Half Sun

Plakat Betta
Short fins resemble the fins seen in wild-type bettas.

Plakat

Rose Tail Betta
The tail resembles a rose shape.

Rose Tail

Roundtail Betta
The shape of the tail is round.

Roundtail

Spade Tail Betta
The tail fin has a wide base that narrows to a small point.

Spade Tail

Other tail types
Veiltail betta
Over Halfmoon/Super Delta Tail
Feather Tail
Halfmoon Plakat

Color types

Red Betta

Red

Orange Betta

Orange

Yellow Betta

Yellow

Green Betta

Green

Blue Betta

Blue

Purple Betta

Purple

Black Betta

Black

White Betta

White

Pink Betta

Pink

Mustard Gas Betta

Mustard Gas

Cellophane Betta

Cellophane

Other colors
Alien
Candy
Nemo
Metallic
Copper
Chocolate
Pastel
Wild-Type
Piebald

 

Pattern types

Bi-colored Betta
The color of the fin is different from the body.

Bio-colored

Butterfly Betta
Fins have distinct bands of colors.

Butterfly

Cambodian Betta
The body is pale, almost colorless, and fins are a solid color.

Cambodian

Dragon Betta
Rich strong base color with the scales on the main part of the body a pale iridescent.

Dragon

Marble Betta
Looks like marble.

Marble

Multicolored Betta
Three or more colors on the body that do not fit into any other pattern category.

Multicolored

Solid Betta
There is only one color on the entire fish.

Solid

Other patterns
Dalmatian
Full Mask
Koi
Grizzle

How to keep a betta fish

Fish tank

fish tank

The minimum size of fish tank for a betta fish is 5 gallons. For more than one betta fish, you may need a bigger one. Some people prefer to buy a small bowl for their betta fish, but the bowl may not be suitable for betta fish. They like swimming from the left and right, so the width of a tank needs to be taken into consideration.

After you buy a proper fish tank, remember to put it in a right place. The tank should be set near a power source, away from the sunlight and cold area.

Filter

 

When you choose a filter for your betta, find the one that can filter the entire tank several times per hour without creating too much flow. Before you choose, research the fish you keep and the tank you buy, these elements will influence the choice of a filter. You are suggested you choose from different kinds of sponge filters or internal filters, they may be better than other types of filters.

 

Heater

 

Betta fish are tropical fish that need a warmer environment to live. The water temperature is about 74-82 degrees Fahrenheit. They are very sensitive to the temperature, so you’d better buy a good heater for your betta fish, or they will feel uncomfortable and eat less, causing diseases.

 

Light

 light

Betta fish have a great need for light during the day, at least 14-16 hours per day. But at night, they need a dark environment, so remember to turn off the light for your betta fish.

 

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How Long Do Betta Fish Live
How Often Do You Feed a Betta Fish
10 Types of Freshwater Angelfish